Among the minerals that are found in Kenya in significant quantities are soda ash (Trona) around Lake Magadi in Kajiado, Fluorspar at Kimwarer in Kerio Valley as well as Titanium in Kwale, Malindi and Lamu.
There is reasonable potential for gold in Kakamega, Vihiga, Migori, Transmara, Bondo, Siaya, Pokot and Turkana while there were minor indications of the mineral in Nandi.
Coal occurs in large quantities in Mwingi and Mutitu. Interestsin its exploitation has been expressed by many investors including the Nigerian billionaire Alhaji Aliko Dangote of Dangote Group. Currently the contract stands with a Chinese company.
Iron ore occurs in parts of Taita, Meru, Kitui, Kilifi and Samia.
Manganese ore is found in Ganze and Mrima Hill in coastal region.
Diatomite is in Kariandusi near Gilgil and Vermiculite on Kinyiki Hill.
Gypsum is found in El Wak, Garissa, Tana River, Kajiado and Turkana.
Natural carbon dioxide is found at Kereita in Kiambu while a variety of gemstones are found in Taita, Kwale, Kitui, Mwingi, Kajiado, Isiolo, Pokot and Turkana.
Oil is found in Turkana. Tullow which has been working in the area for several years is expected to release its initial oil to the market in the middle of 2017.
Kenya’s mining industry is dominated by production of non-metallic minerals encompassing industrial minerals such as soda ash, fluorspar, kaolin and some gemstones. Mining accounts for a very small part of Kenya‘s annual GDP.
Gold is produced primarily by artisanal workers in the west and south western parts of the country, on several small greenstone belts. Iron ore is mined from small localized deposits for use in the domestic manufacture of cement.
Although most of the minerals are exported in their raw form, the government policy is to encourage value addition within the country for higher returns, support of industrialization and employment creation